|author||ocornut <firstname.lastname@example.org>||Mon Dec 01 09:34:17 2014 +0000|
|committer||ocornut <email@example.com>||Mon Dec 01 09:34:17 2014 +0000|
DirectX11 example: fixed projection matrix offset.
ImGui is a bloat-free graphical user interface library for C++. It outputs vertex buffers that you can render in your 3D-pipeline enabled application. It is portable, renderer agnostic and carries minimal amount of dependencies (only 3 files are needed). It is based on an “immediate” graphical user interface paradigm which allows you to build user interfaces with ease.
ImGui is designed to enable fast iteration and allow programmers to create “content creation” or “debug” tools (as opposed to UI for the average end-user). It favors simplicity and productivity toward this goal, and thus lacks certain features normally found in more high-level libraries.
ImGui is particularly suited to integration in 3D applications, fullscreen applications, embedded applications, games, or any applications on consoles platforms where operating system features are non-standard.
After ImGui is setup in your engine, you can use it like in this example:
ImGui outputs vertex buffers and simple command-lists that you can render in your application. Because it doesn't know or touch graphics state directly, you can call ImGui commands anywhere in your code (e.g. in the middle of a running algorithm, or in the middle of your own rendering process). Refer to the sample applications in the examples/ folder for instructions on how to integrate ImGui with your existing codebase.
ImGui allows you create elaborate tools as well as very short-lived ones. On the extreme side of short-liveness: using the Edit&Continue feature of compilers you can add a few widgets to tweaks variables while your application is running, and remove the code a minute later! ImGui is not just for tweaking values. You can use it to trace a running algorithm by just emitting text commands. You can use it along with your own reflection data to browse your dataset live. You can use it to expose the internals of a subsystem in your engine, to create a logger, an inspection tool, a profiler, a debugger, etc.
UTF-8 is supported for text display and input. Here using M+ font to display Japanese:
The Immediate Mode GUI paradigm may at first appear unusual to some users. This is mainly because “Retained Mode” GUIs have been so widespread and predominant. The following links can give you a better understanding about how Immediate Mode GUIs works.
How do you use ImGui on a platform that may not have a mouse or keyboard?
I recommend using Synergy. With the uSynergy.c micro client running you can seamlessly use your PC input devices from a video game console or a tablet. ImGui was also designed to function with touch inputs if you increase the padding of widgets to compensate for the lack of precision of touch devices, but it is recommended you use a mouse to allow optimising for screen real-estate.
I integrated ImGui in my engine and the text or lines are blurry..
Can you create elaborate/serious tools with ImGui?
Yes. I have written data browsers, debuggers, profilers and all sort of non-trivial tools with the library. There's no reason you cannot, and in my experience the simplicity of the API is very empowering. However note that ImGui is programmer centric and the immediate-mode GUI paradigm might requires a bit of adaptation before you can realize its full potential.
Is ImGui fast?
Down the fundation of its visual design, ImGui is engineered to be fairly performant both in term of CPU and GPU usage. Running elaborate code and creating elaborate UI will of course have a cost but ImGui aims to minimize it.
Mileage may vary but the following screenshot should give you an idea of the cost of running and rendering UI code (In the case of a trivial demo application like this one, your driver/os setup may be a bottleneck and cause higher variation or throttled framerate. Testing performance as part of a real application is recommended).
This is showing framerate on my 2011 iMac running Windows 7, OpenGL, AMD Radeon HD 6700M. (click here for the full-size picture). In contrast, librairies featuring higher-quality rendering and layouting techniques may have a higher resources footprint.
Can you reskin the look of ImGui?
Yes, you can alter the look of the interface to some degree: changing colors, sizes and padding, font. However, as ImGui is designed and optimised to create debug tools, the amount of skinning you can apply is limited. There is only so much you can stray away from the default look and feel of the interface. The example below uses modified settings to create a very compact UI with different colors:
Why using C++ (as opposed to C)?
ImGui takes advantage of a few C++ features for convenience but nothing in the realm of Boost-insanity/quagmire. In particular, function overloading and default parameters are used to make the API easier to use and code more terse. Doing so I believe the API is sitting on a sweet spot and giving up on those features would make the API more cumbersome. Other features such as namespace, constructors and templates (in the case of the ImVector<> class) are also relied on as a convenience but could be removed.
Shall someone wants to use ImGui from another language, it should be possible to wrap ImGui to be used from a raw C API in the future.
Can you develop features xxxx for ImGui?
Please use GitHub ‘Issues’ facilities to suggest and discuss improvements. Your questions are often helpul to the community of users. If you represent an organization and would like specific non-trivial features to be implemented, I am available for hire to work on or with ImGui.
Can I donate to support the development of ImGui?
If you have the mean to help, I have setup a Patreon page to enable me to spend more time on the development of the library. One-off donations are also greatly appreciated. Thanks!
Inspiration, feedback, and testing: Casey Muratori, Atman Binstock, Mikko Mononen, Emmanuel Briney, Stefan Kamoda, Anton Mikhailov, Matt Willis. Thanks!
ImGui is licensed under the MIT License, see LICENSE for more information.