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// Copyright 2017 The Abseil Authors.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
// Allow dynamic symbol lookup in the kernel VDSO page.
// VDSO stands for "Virtual Dynamic Shared Object" -- a page of
// executable code, which looks like a shared library, but doesn't
// necessarily exist anywhere on disk, and which gets mmap()ed into
// every process by kernels which support VDSO, such as 2.6.x for 32-bit
// executables, and 2.6.24 and above for 64-bit executables.
// More details could be found here:
// VDSOSupport -- a class representing kernel VDSO (if present).
// Example usage:
// VDSOSupport vdso;
// VDSOSupport::SymbolInfo info;
// typedef (*FN)(unsigned *, void *, void *);
// FN fn = nullptr;
// if (vdso.LookupSymbol("__vdso_getcpu", "LINUX_2.6", STT_FUNC, &info)) {
// fn = reinterpret_cast<FN>(info.address);
// }
#include <atomic>
#include "absl/base/attributes.h"
#include "absl/debugging/internal/elf_mem_image.h"
#error ABSL_HAVE_VDSO_SUPPORT cannot be directly set
namespace absl {
namespace debugging_internal {
// NOTE: this class may be used from within tcmalloc, and can not
// use any memory allocation routines.
class VDSOSupport {
typedef ElfMemImage::SymbolInfo SymbolInfo;
typedef ElfMemImage::SymbolIterator SymbolIterator;
// On PowerPC64 VDSO symbols can either be of type STT_FUNC or STT_NOTYPE
// depending on how the kernel is built. The kernel is normally built with
// STT_NOTYPE type VDSO symbols. Let's make things simpler first by using a
// compile-time constant.
#ifdef __powerpc64__
enum { kVDSOSymbolType = STT_NOTYPE };
enum { kVDSOSymbolType = STT_FUNC };
// Answers whether we have a vdso at all.
bool IsPresent() const { return image_.IsPresent(); }
// Allow to iterate over all VDSO symbols.
SymbolIterator begin() const { return image_.begin(); }
SymbolIterator end() const { return image_.end(); }
// Look up versioned dynamic symbol in the kernel VDSO.
// Returns false if VDSO is not present, or doesn't contain given
// symbol/version/type combination.
// If info_out != nullptr, additional details are filled in.
bool LookupSymbol(const char *name, const char *version,
int symbol_type, SymbolInfo *info_out) const;
// Find info about symbol (if any) which overlaps given address.
// Returns true if symbol was found; false if VDSO isn't present
// or doesn't have a symbol overlapping given address.
// If info_out != nullptr, additional details are filled in.
bool LookupSymbolByAddress(const void *address, SymbolInfo *info_out) const;
// Used only for testing. Replace real VDSO base with a mock.
// Returns previous value of vdso_base_. After you are done testing,
// you are expected to call SetBase() with previous value, in order to
// reset state to the way it was.
const void *SetBase(const void *s);
// Computes vdso_base_ and returns it. Should be called as early as
// possible; before any thread creation, chroot or setuid.
static const void *Init();
// image_ represents VDSO ELF image in memory.
// image_.ehdr_ == nullptr implies there is no VDSO.
ElfMemImage image_;
// Cached value of auxv AT_SYSINFO_EHDR, computed once.
// This is a tri-state:
// kInvalidBase => value hasn't been determined yet.
// 0 => there is no VDSO.
// else => vma of VDSO Elf{32,64}_Ehdr.
// When testing with mock VDSO, low bit is set.
// The low bit is always available because vdso_base_ is
// page-aligned.
static std::atomic<const void *> vdso_base_;
// NOLINT on 'long' because these routines mimic kernel api.
// The 'cache' parameter may be used by some versions of the kernel,
// and should be nullptr or point to a static buffer containing at
// least two 'long's.
static long InitAndGetCPU(unsigned *cpu, void *cache, // NOLINT 'long'.
void *unused);
static long GetCPUViaSyscall(unsigned *cpu, void *cache, // NOLINT 'long'.
void *unused);
typedef long (*GetCpuFn)(unsigned *cpu, void *cache, // NOLINT 'long'.
void *unused);
// This function pointer may point to InitAndGetCPU,
// GetCPUViaSyscall, or __vdso_getcpu at different stages of initialization.
ABSL_CONST_INIT static std::atomic<GetCpuFn> getcpu_fn_;
friend int GetCPU(void); // Needs access to getcpu_fn_.
VDSOSupport(const VDSOSupport&) = delete;
VDSOSupport& operator=(const VDSOSupport&) = delete;
// Same as sched_getcpu() on later glibc versions.
// Return current CPU, using (fast) __vdso_getcpu@LINUX_2.6 if present,
// otherwise use syscall(SYS_getcpu,...).
// May return -1 with errno == ENOSYS if the kernel doesn't
// support SYS_getcpu.
int GetCPU();
} // namespace debugging_internal
} // namespace absl