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// Copyright (c) 2015-2016 The Khronos Group Inc.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
// Validation tests for Control Flow Graph
#include <array>
#include <functional>
#include <iterator>
#include <sstream>
#include <string>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>
#include "gmock/gmock.h"
#include "source/diagnostic.h"
#include "source/spirv_target_env.h"
#include "source/val/validate.h"
#include "test/test_fixture.h"
#include "test/unit_spirv.h"
#include "test/val/val_fixtures.h"
namespace spvtools {
namespace val {
namespace {
using ::testing::HasSubstr;
using ::testing::MatchesRegex;
using ValidateCFG = spvtest::ValidateBase<SpvCapability>;
using spvtest::ScopedContext;
std::string nameOps() { return ""; }
template <typename... Args>
std::string nameOps(std::pair<std::string, std::string> head, Args... names) {
return "OpName %" + head.first + " \"" + head.second + "\"\n" +
nameOps(names...);
}
template <typename... Args>
std::string nameOps(std::string head, Args... names) {
return "OpName %" + head + " \"" + head + "\"\n" + nameOps(names...);
}
/// This class allows the easy creation of complex control flow without writing
/// SPIR-V. This class is used in the test cases below.
class Block {
std::string label_;
std::string body_;
SpvOp type_;
std::vector<Block> successors_;
public:
/// Creates a Block with a given label
///
/// @param[in]: label the label id of the block
/// @param[in]: type the branch instruciton that ends the block
explicit Block(std::string label, SpvOp type = SpvOpBranch)
: label_(label), body_(), type_(type), successors_() {}
/// Sets the instructions which will appear in the body of the block
Block& SetBody(std::string body) {
body_ = body;
return *this;
}
Block& AppendBody(std::string body) {
body_ += body;
return *this;
}
/// Converts the block into a SPIR-V string
operator std::string() {
std::stringstream out;
out << std::setw(8) << "%" + label_ + " = OpLabel \n";
if (!body_.empty()) {
out << body_;
}
switch (type_) {
case SpvOpBranchConditional:
out << "OpBranchConditional %cond ";
for (Block& b : successors_) {
out << "%" + b.label_ + " ";
}
break;
case SpvOpSwitch: {
out << "OpSwitch %one %" + successors_.front().label_;
std::stringstream ss;
for (size_t i = 1; i < successors_.size(); i++) {
ss << " " << i << " %" << successors_[i].label_;
}
out << ss.str();
} break;
case SpvOpLoopMerge: {
assert(successors_.size() == 2);
out << "OpLoopMerge %" + successors_[0].label_ + " %" +
successors_[0].label_ + "None";
} break;
case SpvOpReturn:
assert(successors_.size() == 0);
out << "OpReturn\n";
break;
case SpvOpUnreachable:
assert(successors_.size() == 0);
out << "OpUnreachable\n";
break;
case SpvOpBranch:
assert(successors_.size() == 1);
out << "OpBranch %" + successors_.front().label_;
break;
case SpvOpKill:
assert(successors_.size() == 0);
out << "OpKill\n";
break;
default:
assert(1 == 0 && "Unhandled");
}
out << "\n";
return out.str();
}
friend Block& operator>>(Block& curr, std::vector<Block> successors);
friend Block& operator>>(Block& lhs, Block& successor);
};
/// Assigns the successors for the Block on the lhs
Block& operator>>(Block& lhs, std::vector<Block> successors) {
if (lhs.type_ == SpvOpBranchConditional) {
assert(successors.size() == 2);
} else if (lhs.type_ == SpvOpSwitch) {
assert(successors.size() > 1);
}
lhs.successors_ = successors;
return lhs;
}
/// Assigns the successor for the Block on the lhs
Block& operator>>(Block& lhs, Block& successor) {
assert(lhs.type_ == SpvOpBranch);
lhs.successors_.push_back(successor);
return lhs;
}
const std::string& GetDefaultHeader(SpvCapability cap) {
static const std::string shader_header =
"OpCapability Shader\n"
"OpCapability Linkage\n"
"OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450\n";
static const std::string kernel_header =
"OpCapability Kernel\n"
"OpCapability Linkage\n"
"OpMemoryModel Logical OpenCL\n";
return (cap == SpvCapabilityShader) ? shader_header : kernel_header;
}
const std::string& GetWebGPUHeader() {
static const std::string header =
"OpCapability Shader\n"
"OpCapability VulkanMemoryModelKHR\n"
"OpExtension \"SPV_KHR_vulkan_memory_model\"\n"
"OpMemoryModel Logical VulkanKHR\n";
return header;
}
const std::string& types_consts() {
static const std::string types =
"%voidt = OpTypeVoid\n"
"%boolt = OpTypeBool\n"
"%intt = OpTypeInt 32 0\n"
"%one = OpConstant %intt 1\n"
"%two = OpConstant %intt 2\n"
"%ptrt = OpTypePointer Function %intt\n"
"%funct = OpTypeFunction %voidt\n";
return types;
}
INSTANTIATE_TEST_SUITE_P(StructuredControlFlow, ValidateCFG,
::testing::Values(SpvCapabilityShader,
SpvCapabilityKernel));
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, LoopReachableFromEntryButNeverLeadingToReturn) {
// In this case, the loop is reachable from a node without a predecessor,
// but never reaches a node with a return.
//
// This motivates the need for the pseudo-exit node to have a node
// from a cycle in its predecessors list. Otherwise the validator's
// post-dominance calculation will go into an infinite loop.
//
// For more motivation, see
// https://github.com/KhronosGroup/SPIRV-Tools/issues/279
std::string str = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
OpName %entry "entry"
OpName %loop "loop"
OpName %exit "exit"
%voidt = OpTypeVoid
%funct = OpTypeFunction %voidt
%main = OpFunction %voidt None %funct
%entry = OpLabel
OpBranch %loop
%loop = OpLabel
OpLoopMerge %exit %loop None
OpBranch %loop
%exit = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions()) << str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, LoopUnreachableFromEntryButLeadingToReturn) {
// In this case, the loop is not reachable from a node without a
// predecessor, but eventually reaches a node with a return.
//
// This motivates the need for the pseudo-entry node to have a node
// from a cycle in its successors list. Otherwise the validator's
// dominance calculation will go into an infinite loop.
//
// For more motivation, see
// https://github.com/KhronosGroup/SPIRV-Tools/issues/279
// Before that fix, we'd have an infinite loop when calculating
// post-dominators.
std::string str = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
OpName %entry "entry"
OpName %loop "loop"
OpName %cont "cont"
OpName %exit "exit"
%voidt = OpTypeVoid
%funct = OpTypeFunction %voidt
%boolt = OpTypeBool
%false = OpConstantFalse %boolt
%main = OpFunction %voidt None %funct
%entry = OpLabel
OpReturn
%loop = OpLabel
OpLoopMerge %exit %cont None
OpBranch %cont
%cont = OpLabel
OpBranchConditional %false %loop %exit
%exit = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions())
<< str << getDiagnosticString();
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, Simple) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block cont("cont");
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) {
loop.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %cont None\n");
}
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("loop", "entry", "cont", "merge",
std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> std::vector<Block>({cont, merge});
str += cont >> loop;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, Variable) {
Block entry("entry");
Block cont("cont");
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%var = OpVariable %ptrt Function\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps(std::make_pair("func", "Main")) + types_consts() +
" %func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> cont;
str += cont >> exit;
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, VariableNotInFirstBlockBad) {
Block entry("entry");
Block cont("cont");
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
// This operation should only be performed in the entry block
cont.SetBody("%var = OpVariable %ptrt Function\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps(std::make_pair("func", "Main")) + types_consts() +
" %func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> cont;
str += cont >> exit;
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_DATA, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("All OpVariable instructions in a function must be the "
"first instructions in the first block"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BlockSelfLoopIsOk) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) loop.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %loop None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("loop", "merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
// loop branches to itself, but does not trigger an error.
str += loop >> std::vector<Block>({merge, loop});
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions()) << getDiagnosticString();
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BlockAppearsBeforeDominatorBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block cont("cont");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) branch.SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("cont", "branch", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += cont >> merge; // cont appears before its dominator
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({cont, merge});
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("Block .\\[%cont\\] appears in the binary "
"before its dominator .\\[%branch\\]\n"
" %branch = OpLabel\n"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, MergeBlockTargetedByMultipleHeaderBlocksBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop");
Block selection("selection", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) loop.SetBody(" OpLoopMerge %merge %loop None\n");
// cannot share the same merge
if (is_shader) selection.SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> selection;
str += selection >> std::vector<Block>({loop, merge});
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("Block .\\[%merge\\] is already a merge block "
"for another header\n"
" %Main = OpFunction %void None %9\n"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, MergeBlockTargetedByMultipleHeaderBlocksSelectionBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block selection("selection", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) selection.SetBody(" OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
// cannot share the same merge
if (is_shader) loop.SetBody(" OpLoopMerge %merge %loop None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> selection;
str += selection >> std::vector<Block>({merge, loop});
str += loop >> std::vector<Block>({loop, merge});
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("Block .\\[%merge\\] is already a merge block "
"for another header\n"
" %Main = OpFunction %void None %9\n"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BranchTargetFirstBlockBadSinceEntryBlock) {
Block entry("entry");
Block bad("bad");
Block end("end", SpvOpReturn);
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("entry", "bad", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> bad;
str += bad >> entry; // Cannot target entry block
str += end;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("First block .\\[%entry\\] of function "
".\\[%Main\\] is targeted by block .\\[%bad\\]\n"
" %Main = OpFunction %void None %10\n"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BranchTargetFirstBlockBadSinceValue) {
Block entry("entry");
entry.SetBody("%undef = OpUndef %voidt\n");
Block bad("bad");
Block end("end", SpvOpReturn);
Block badvalue("undef"); // This referenes the OpUndef.
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("entry", "bad", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> bad;
str +=
bad >> badvalue; // Check branch to a function value (it's not a block!)
str += end;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_ID, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("'Target Label' operands for OpBranch must "
"be the ID of an OpLabel instruction"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BranchConditionalTrueTargetFirstBlockBad) {
Block entry("entry");
Block bad("bad", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
bad.SetBody(" OpLoopMerge %entry %exit None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("entry", "bad", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> bad;
str += bad >> std::vector<Block>({entry, exit}); // cannot target entry block
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("First block .\\[%entry\\] of function .\\[%Main\\] "
"is targeted by block .\\[%bad\\]\n"
" %Main = OpFunction %void None %10\n"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BranchConditionalFalseTargetFirstBlockBad) {
Block entry("entry");
Block bad("bad", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t");
Block merge("merge");
Block end("end", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
bad.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %cont None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("entry", "bad", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> bad;
str += bad >> std::vector<Block>({t, entry});
str += merge >> end;
str += end;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("First block .\\[%entry\\] of function .\\[%Main\\] "
"is targeted by block .\\[%bad\\]\n"
" %Main = OpFunction %void None %10\n"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, SwitchTargetFirstBlockBad) {
Block entry("entry");
Block bad("bad", SpvOpSwitch);
Block block1("block1");
Block block2("block2");
Block block3("block3");
Block def("def"); // default block
Block merge("merge");
Block end("end", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
bad.SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("entry", "bad", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> bad;
str += bad >> std::vector<Block>({def, block1, block2, block3, entry});
str += def >> merge;
str += block1 >> merge;
str += block2 >> merge;
str += block3 >> merge;
str += merge >> end;
str += end;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("First block .\\[%entry\\] of function .\\[%Main\\] "
"is targeted by block .\\[%bad\\]\n"
" %Main = OpFunction %void None %10\n"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BranchToBlockInOtherFunctionBad) {
Block entry("entry");
Block middle("middle", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block end("end", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
middle.SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %end None\n");
Block entry2("entry2");
Block middle2("middle2");
Block end2("end2", SpvOpReturn);
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("middle2", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> middle;
str += middle >> std::vector<Block>({end, middle2});
str += end;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
str += "%func2 = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry2 >> middle2;
str += middle2 >> end2;
str += end2;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("Block\\(s\\) \\{.\\[%middle2\\]\\} are referenced but not "
"defined in function .\\[%Main\\]\n"
" %Main = OpFunction %void None %9\n"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, HeaderDoesntDominatesMergeBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block head("head", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block f("f");
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
head.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) head.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("head", "merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> merge;
str += head >> std::vector<Block>({merge, f});
str += f >> merge;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("The selection construct with the selection header "
".\\[%head\\] does not dominate the merge block "
".\\[%merge\\]\n %merge = OpLabel\n"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, HeaderDoesntStrictlyDominateMergeBad) {
// If a merge block is reachable, then it must be strictly dominated by
// its header block.
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block head("head", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
head.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) head.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %head None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("head", "exit", std::make_pair("func", "Main")) +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += head >> std::vector<Block>({exit, exit});
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("The selection construct with the selection header "
".\\[%head\\] does not strictly dominate the merge block "
".\\[%head\\]\n %head = OpLabel\n"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions()) << str;
}
}
std::string GetUnreachableMergeNoMergeInst(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t", SpvOpReturn);
Block f("f", SpvOpReturn);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) && cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
branch.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts() + "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += t;
str += f;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableMergeNoMergeInst) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableMergeNoMergeInst(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableMergeNoMergeInst) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableMergeNoMergeInst(SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("For WebGPU, all blocks must be reachable"));
}
std::string GetUnreachableMergeTerminatedBy(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env, SpvOp op) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t", SpvOpReturn);
Block f("f", SpvOpReturn);
Block merge("merge", op);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
branch.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += t;
str += f;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableMergeTerminatedByOpUnreachable) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeTerminatedBy(
GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0, SpvOpUnreachable));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, UnreachableMergeTerminatedByOpKill) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeTerminatedBy(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0, SpvOpKill));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableMergeTerminatedByOpReturn) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeTerminatedBy(
GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0, SpvOpReturn));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableMergeTerminatedByOpUnreachable) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeTerminatedBy(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0, SpvOpUnreachable));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableMergeTerminatedByOpKill) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeTerminatedBy(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0, SpvOpKill));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("must terminate with OpUnreachable"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableMergeTerminatedByOpReturn) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeTerminatedBy(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0, SpvOpReturn));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("must terminate with OpUnreachable"));
}
std::string GetUnreachableContinueTerminatedBy(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env, SpvOp op) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranch);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
Block target("target", op);
if (op == SpvOpBranch) target >> branch;
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
branch.AppendBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %target None\n");
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", "target", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({merge});
str += merge;
str += target;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableContinueTerminatedBySpvOpUnreachable) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueTerminatedBy(
GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0, SpvOpUnreachable));
if (GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("targeted by 0 back-edge blocks"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, UnreachableContinueTerminatedBySpvOpKill) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueTerminatedBy(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0, SpvOpKill));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("targeted by 0 back-edge blocks"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableContinueTerminatedBySpvOpReturn) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueTerminatedBy(
GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0, SpvOpReturn));
if (GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("targeted by 0 back-edge blocks"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableContinueTerminatedBySpvOpBranch) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueTerminatedBy(
GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0, SpvOpBranch));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableContinueTerminatedBySpvOpUnreachable) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueTerminatedBy(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0, SpvOpUnreachable));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("For WebGPU, unreachable continue-target must "
"terminate with OpBranch.\n %12 = OpLabel\n"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableContinueTerminatedBySpvOpKill) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueTerminatedBy(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0, SpvOpKill));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("For WebGPU, unreachable continue-target must "
"terminate with OpBranch.\n %12 = OpLabel\n"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableContinueTerminatedBySpvOpReturn) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueTerminatedBy(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0, SpvOpReturn));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("For WebGPU, unreachable continue-target must "
"terminate with OpBranch.\n %12 = OpLabel\n"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableContinueTerminatedBySpvOpBranch) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueTerminatedBy(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0, SpvOpBranch));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
}
std::string GetUnreachableMergeUnreachableMergeInst(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block body("body", SpvOpReturn);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t", SpvOpReturn);
Block f("f", SpvOpReturn);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpUnreachable);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
branch.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += body;
str += merge;
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += t;
str += f;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableMergeUnreachableMergeInst) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeUnreachableMergeInst(
GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableMergeUnreachableMergeInst) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeUnreachableMergeInst(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("must be referenced by a reachable merge instruction"));
}
std::string GetUnreachableContinueUnreachableLoopInst(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block body("body", SpvOpReturn);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranch);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
Block target("target", SpvOpBranch);
target >> branch;
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
branch.AppendBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %target None\n");
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", "target", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += body;
str += target;
str += merge;
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({merge});
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableContinueUnreachableLoopInst) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueUnreachableLoopInst(
GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
if (GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader) {
// Shader causes additional structured CFG checks that cause a failure.
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("Back-edges (1[%branch] -> 3[%target]) can only be "
"formed between a block and a loop header."));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableContinueUnreachableLoopInst) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueUnreachableLoopInst(
SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("must be referenced by a reachable loop instruction"));
}
std::string GetUnreachableMergeWithComplexBody(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t", SpvOpReturn);
Block f("f", SpvOpReturn);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpUnreachable);
entry.AppendBody(spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)
? "%dummy = OpVariable %intptrt Function %two\n"
: "%dummy = OpVariable %intptrt Function\n");
entry.AppendBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
merge.AppendBody("OpStore %dummy %one\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
branch.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%intptrt = OpTypePointer Function %intt\n";
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += t;
str += f;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableMergeWithComplexBody) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableMergeWithComplexBody(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableMergeWithComplexBody) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeWithComplexBody(SpvCapabilityShader,
SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("must only contain an OpLabel and OpUnreachable instruction"));
}
std::string GetUnreachableContinueWithComplexBody(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranch);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
Block target("target", SpvOpBranch);
target >> branch;
entry.AppendBody(spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)
? "%dummy = OpVariable %intptrt Function %two\n"
: "%dummy = OpVariable %intptrt Function\n");
target.AppendBody("OpStore %dummy %one\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
branch.AppendBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %target None\n");
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", "target", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%intptrt = OpTypePointer Function %intt\n";
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({merge});
str += merge;
str += target;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableContinueWithComplexBody) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableContinueWithComplexBody(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableContinueWithComplexBody) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueWithComplexBody(SpvCapabilityShader,
SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("must only contain an OpLabel and an OpBranch instruction"));
}
std::string GetUnreachableMergeWithBranchUse(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t", SpvOpBranch);
Block f("f", SpvOpReturn);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpUnreachable);
entry.AppendBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
branch.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += t >> merge;
str += f;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableMergeWithBranchUse) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableMergeWithBranchUse(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
EXPECT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableMergeWithBranchUse) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableMergeWithBranchUse(SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("cannot be the target of a branch."));
}
std::string GetUnreachableMergeWithMultipleUses(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t", SpvOpReturn);
Block f("f", SpvOpReturn);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpUnreachable);
Block duplicate("duplicate", SpvOpBranchConditional);
entry.AppendBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader) {
branch.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
duplicate.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
}
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += duplicate >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += t;
str += f;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableMergeWithMultipleUses) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableMergeWithMultipleUses(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
if (GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("is already a merge block for another header"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableMergeWithMultipleUses) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableMergeWithMultipleUses(SpvCapabilityShader,
SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("is already a merge block for another header"));
}
std::string GetUnreachableContinueWithBranchUse(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block foo("foo", SpvOpBranch);
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranch);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
Block target("target", SpvOpBranch);
foo >> target;
target >> branch;
entry.AppendBody(spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)
? "%dummy = OpVariable %intptrt Function %two\n"
: "%dummy = OpVariable %intptrt Function\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
branch.AppendBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %target None\n");
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", "target", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%intptrt = OpTypePointer Function %intt\n";
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({merge});
str += merge;
str += target;
str += foo;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableContinueWithBranchUse) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableContinueWithBranchUse(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableContinueWithBranchUse) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableContinueWithBranchUse(SpvCapabilityShader,
SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("cannot be the target of a branch."));
}
std::string GetReachableMergeAndContinue(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranch);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
Block target("target", SpvOpBranch);
Block body("body", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t", SpvOpBranch);
Block f("f", SpvOpBranch);
target >> branch;
body.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
t >> merge;
f >> target;
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader) {
branch.AppendBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %target None\n");
body.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %f None\n");
}
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", "target", "body", "t", "f",
std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({body});
str += body >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += t;
str += f;
str += merge;
str += target;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, ReachableMergeAndContinue) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetReachableMergeAndContinue(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUReachableMergeAndContinue) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetReachableMergeAndContinue(SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
}
std::string GetUnreachableMergeAndContinue(SpvCapability cap,
spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block branch("branch", SpvOpBranch);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
Block target("target", SpvOpBranch);
Block body("body", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t", SpvOpReturn);
Block f("f", SpvOpReturn);
target >> branch;
body.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader) {
branch.AppendBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %target None\n");
body.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %target None\n");
}
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("branch", "merge", "target", "body", "t", "f",
std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> branch;
str += branch >> std::vector<Block>({body});
str += body >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += t;
str += f;
str += merge;
str += target;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableMergeAndContinue) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableMergeAndContinue(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableMergeAndContinue) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableMergeAndContinue(SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("unreachable merge-blocks must terminate with OpUnreachable"));
}
std::string GetUnreachableBlock(SpvCapability cap, spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block unreachable("unreachable");
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("unreachable", "exit", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> exit;
str += unreachable >> exit;
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableBlock) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableBlock(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableBlock) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableBlock(SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(), HasSubstr("all blocks must be reachable"));
}
std::string GetUnreachableBranch(SpvCapability cap, spv_target_env env) {
std::string header =
spvIsWebGPUEnv(env) ? GetWebGPUHeader() : GetDefaultHeader(cap);
Block entry("entry");
Block unreachable("unreachable", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block unreachablechildt("unreachablechildt");
Block unreachablechildf("unreachablechildf");
Block merge("merge");
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
unreachable.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (cap == SpvCapabilityShader)
unreachable.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %merge None\n");
std::string str = header;
if (spvIsWebGPUEnv(env)) {
str +=
"OpEntryPoint Fragment %func \"func\"\n"
"OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft\n";
}
if (!spvIsWebGPUEnv(env))
str += nameOps("unreachable", "exit", std::make_pair("func", "Main"));
str += types_consts();
str += "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> exit;
str +=
unreachable >> std::vector<Block>({unreachablechildt, unreachablechildf});
str += unreachablechildt >> merge;
str += unreachablechildf >> merge;
str += merge >> exit;
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd\n";
return str;
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, UnreachableBranch) {
CompileSuccessfully(GetUnreachableBranch(GetParam(), SPV_ENV_UNIVERSAL_1_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WebGPUUnreachableBranch) {
CompileSuccessfully(
GetUnreachableBranch(SpvCapabilityShader, SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions(SPV_ENV_WEBGPU_0));
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(), HasSubstr("all blocks must be reachable"));
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, EmptyFunction) {
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) + std::string(types_consts()) +
R"(%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct
%l = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd)";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, SingleBlockLoop) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) loop.AppendBody("OpLoopMerge %exit %loop None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) + std::string(types_consts()) +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> std::vector<Block>({loop, exit});
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, NestedLoops) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop1("loop1");
Block loop1_cont_break_block("loop1_cont_break_block",
SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block loop2("loop2", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block loop2_merge("loop2_merge");
Block loop1_merge("loop1_merge");
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) {
loop1.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %loop1_merge %loop2 None\n");
loop2.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %loop2_merge %loop2 None\n");
}
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("loop2", "loop2_merge") + types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop1;
str += loop1 >> loop1_cont_break_block;
str += loop1_cont_break_block >> std::vector<Block>({loop1_merge, loop2});
str += loop2 >> std::vector<Block>({loop2, loop2_merge});
str += loop2_merge >> loop1;
str += loop1_merge >> exit;
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, NestedSelection) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
const int N = 256;
std::vector<Block> if_blocks;
std::vector<Block> merge_blocks;
Block inner("inner");
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if_blocks.emplace_back("if0", SpvOpBranchConditional);
if (is_shader) if_blocks[0].SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %if_merge0 None\n");
merge_blocks.emplace_back("if_merge0", SpvOpReturn);
for (int i = 1; i < N; i++) {
std::stringstream ss;
ss << i;
if_blocks.emplace_back("if" + ss.str(), SpvOpBranchConditional);
if (is_shader)
if_blocks[i].SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %if_merge" + ss.str() + " None\n");
merge_blocks.emplace_back("if_merge" + ss.str(), SpvOpBranch);
}
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) + std::string(types_consts()) +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> if_blocks[0];
for (int i = 0; i < N - 1; i++) {
str +=
if_blocks[i] >> std::vector<Block>({if_blocks[i + 1], merge_blocks[i]});
}
str += if_blocks.back() >> std::vector<Block>({inner, merge_blocks.back()});
str += inner >> merge_blocks.back();
for (int i = N - 1; i > 0; i--) {
str += merge_blocks[i] >> merge_blocks[i - 1];
}
str += merge_blocks[0];
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BackEdgeBlockDoesntPostDominateContinueTargetBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop1("loop1", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block loop2("loop2", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block loop2_merge("loop2_merge");
Block loop1_cont("loop1_cont", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block be_block("be_block");
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) {
loop1.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %exit %loop1_cont None\n");
loop2.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %loop2_merge %loop2 None\n");
}
std::string str =
GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("loop1", "loop2", "be_block", "loop1_cont", "loop2_merge") +
types_consts() + "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop1;
str += loop1 >> std::vector<Block>({loop2, exit});
str += loop2 >> std::vector<Block>({loop2, loop2_merge});
str += loop2_merge >> loop1_cont;
str += loop1_cont >> std::vector<Block>({be_block, exit});
str += be_block >> loop1;
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("The continue construct with the continue target "
".\\[%loop1_cont\\] is not post dominated by the "
"back-edge block .\\[%be_block\\]\n"
" %be_block = OpLabel\n"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BranchingToNonLoopHeaderBlockBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block split("split", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block t("t");
Block f("f");
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) split.SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %exit None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) + nameOps("split", "f") +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> split;
str += split >> std::vector<Block>({t, f});
str += t >> exit;
str += f >> split;
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("Back-edges \\(.\\[%f\\] -> .\\[%split\\]\\) can only "
"be formed between a block and a loop header.\n"
" %f = OpLabel\n"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BranchingToSameNonLoopHeaderBlockBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block split("split", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) split.SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %exit None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) + nameOps("split") +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> split;
str += split >> std::vector<Block>({split, exit});
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex(
"Back-edges \\(.\\[%split\\] -> .\\[%split\\]\\) can only be "
"formed between a block and a loop header.\n %split = OpLabel\n"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, MultipleBackEdgeBlocksToLoopHeaderBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block back0("back0");
Block back1("back1");
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) loop.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %back0 None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("loop", "back0", "back1") + types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> std::vector<Block>({back0, back1});
str += back0 >> loop;
str += back1 >> loop;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex(
"Loop header .\\[%loop\\] is targeted by 2 back-edge blocks but "
"the standard requires exactly one\n %loop = OpLabel\n"))
<< str;
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, ContinueTargetMustBePostDominatedByBackEdge) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block cheader("cheader", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block be_block("be_block");
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) loop.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %cheader None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("cheader", "be_block") + types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> std::vector<Block>({cheader, merge});
str += cheader >> std::vector<Block>({exit, be_block});
str += exit; // Branches out of a continue construct
str += be_block >> loop;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("The continue construct with the continue target "
".\\[%cheader\\] is not post dominated by the "
"back-edge block .\\[%be_block\\]\n"
" %be_block = OpLabel\n"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BranchOutOfConstructToMergeBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block cont("cont", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) loop.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %loop None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) + nameOps("cont", "loop") +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> std::vector<Block>({cont, merge});
str += cont >> std::vector<Block>({loop, merge});
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("The continue construct with the continue target "
".\\[%loop\\] is not post dominated by the "
"back-edge block .\\[%cont\\]\n"
" %cont = OpLabel\n"))
<< str;
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, BranchOutOfConstructBad) {
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block cont("cont", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block merge("merge");
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) loop.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %loop None\n");
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) + nameOps("cont", "loop") +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> std::vector<Block>({cont, merge});
str += cont >> std::vector<Block>({loop, exit});
str += merge >> exit;
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("The continue construct with the continue target "
".\\[%loop\\] is not post dominated by the "
"back-edge block .\\[%cont\\]\n"
" %cont = OpLabel\n"));
} else {
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, OpSwitchToUnreachableBlock) {
Block entry("entry", SpvOpSwitch);
Block case0("case0");
Block case1("case1");
Block case2("case2");
Block def("default", SpvOpUnreachable);
Block phi("phi", SpvOpReturn);
std::string str = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
OpEntryPoint GLCompute %main "main" %id
OpExecutionMode %main LocalSize 1 1 1
OpSource GLSL 430
OpName %main "main"
OpDecorate %id BuiltIn GlobalInvocationId
%void = OpTypeVoid
%voidf = OpTypeFunction %void
%u32 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%f32 = OpTypeFloat 32
%uvec3 = OpTypeVector %u32 3
%fvec3 = OpTypeVector %f32 3
%uvec3ptr = OpTypePointer Input %uvec3
%id = OpVariable %uvec3ptr Input
%one = OpConstant %u32 1
%three = OpConstant %u32 3
%main = OpFunction %void None %voidf
)";
entry.SetBody(
"%idval = OpLoad %uvec3 %id\n"
"%x = OpCompositeExtract %u32 %idval 0\n"
"%selector = OpUMod %u32 %x %three\n"
"OpSelectionMerge %phi None\n");
str += entry >> std::vector<Block>({def, case0, case1, case2});
str += case1 >> phi;
str += def;
str += phi;
str += case0 >> phi;
str += case2 >> phi;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
EXPECT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, LoopWithZeroBackEdgesBad) {
std::string str = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
OpEntryPoint Fragment %main "main"
OpExecutionMode %main OriginUpperLeft
OpName %loop "loop"
%voidt = OpTypeVoid
%funct = OpTypeFunction %voidt
%main = OpFunction %voidt None %funct
%loop = OpLabel
OpLoopMerge %exit %loop None
OpBranch %exit
%exit = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
MatchesRegex("Loop header .\\[%loop\\] is targeted by "
"0 back-edge blocks but the standard requires exactly "
"one\n %loop = OpLabel\n"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, LoopWithBackEdgeFromUnreachableContinueConstructGood) {
std::string str = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
OpEntryPoint Fragment %main "main"
OpExecutionMode %main OriginUpperLeft
OpName %loop "loop"
%voidt = OpTypeVoid
%funct = OpTypeFunction %voidt
%floatt = OpTypeFloat 32
%boolt = OpTypeBool
%one = OpConstant %floatt 1
%two = OpConstant %floatt 2
%main = OpFunction %voidt None %funct
%entry = OpLabel
OpBranch %loop
%loop = OpLabel
OpLoopMerge %exit %cont None
OpBranch %16
%16 = OpLabel
%cond = OpFOrdLessThan %boolt %one %two
OpBranchConditional %cond %body %exit
%body = OpLabel
OpReturn
%cont = OpLabel ; Reachable only from OpLoopMerge ContinueTarget parameter
OpBranch %loop ; Should be considered a back-edge
%exit = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
EXPECT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions()) << getDiagnosticString();
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG,
NestedConstructWithUnreachableMergeBlockBranchingToOuterMergeBlock) {
// Test for https://github.com/KhronosGroup/SPIRV-Tools/issues/297
// The nested construct has an unreachable merge block. In the
// augmented CFG that merge block
// we still determine that the
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block inner_head("inner_head", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block inner_true("inner_true", SpvOpReturn);
Block inner_false("inner_false", SpvOpReturn);
Block inner_merge("inner_merge");
Block exit("exit", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) {
entry.AppendBody("OpSelectionMerge %exit None\n");
inner_head.SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %inner_merge None\n");
}
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("entry", "inner_merge", "exit") + types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> std::vector<Block>({inner_head, exit});
str += inner_head >> std::vector<Block>({inner_true, inner_false});
str += inner_true;
str += inner_false;
str += inner_merge >> exit;
str += exit;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
EXPECT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions()) << getDiagnosticString();
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, ContinueTargetCanBeMergeBlockForNestedStructure) {
// The continue construct cannot be the merge target of a nested selection
// because the loop construct must contain "if_merge" because it contains
// "if_head".
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop");
Block if_head("if_head", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block if_true("if_true");
Block if_merge("if_merge", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) {
loop.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %if_merge None\n");
if_head.SetBody("OpSelectionMerge %if_merge None\n");
}
std::string str =
GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("entry", "loop", "if_head", "if_true", "if_merge", "merge") +
types_consts() + "%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> if_head;
str += if_head >> std::vector<Block>({if_true, if_merge});
str += if_true >> if_merge;
str += if_merge >> std::vector<Block>({loop, merge});
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
if (is_shader) {
EXPECT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("Header block 3[%if_head] is contained in the loop construct "
"headed "
"by 2[%loop], but its merge block 5[%if_merge] is not"));
} else {
EXPECT_THAT(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, SingleLatchBlockMultipleBranchesToLoopHeader) {
// This test case ensures we allow both branches of a loop latch block
// to go back to the loop header. It still counts as a single back edge.
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block latch("latch", SpvOpBranchConditional);
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) {
loop.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %latch None\n");
}
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("entry", "loop", "latch", "merge") +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> std::vector<Block>({latch, merge});
str += latch >> std::vector<Block>({loop, loop}); // This is the key
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
EXPECT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions())
<< str << getDiagnosticString();
}
TEST_P(ValidateCFG, SingleLatchBlockHeaderContinueTargetIsItselfGood) {
// This test case ensures we don't count a Continue Target from a loop
// header to itself as a self-loop when computing back edges.
// Also, it detects that there is an edge from %latch to the pseudo-exit
// node, rather than from %loop. In particular, it detects that we
// have used the *reverse* textual order of blocks when computing
// predecessor traversal roots.
bool is_shader = GetParam() == SpvCapabilityShader;
Block entry("entry");
Block loop("loop");
Block latch("latch");
Block merge("merge", SpvOpReturn);
entry.SetBody("%cond = OpSLessThan %boolt %one %two\n");
if (is_shader) {
loop.SetBody("OpLoopMerge %merge %loop None\n");
}
std::string str = GetDefaultHeader(GetParam()) +
nameOps("entry", "loop", "latch", "merge") +
types_consts() +
"%func = OpFunction %voidt None %funct\n";
str += entry >> loop;
str += loop >> latch;
str += latch >> loop;
str += merge;
str += "OpFunctionEnd";
CompileSuccessfully(str);
EXPECT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions())
<< str << getDiagnosticString();
}
// Unit test to check the case where a basic block is the entry block of 2
// different constructs. In this case, the basic block is the entry block of a
// continue construct as well as a selection construct. See issue# 517 for more
// details.
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, BasicBlockIsEntryBlockOfTwoConstructsGood) {
std::string spirv = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%void = OpTypeVoid
%bool = OpTypeBool
%int = OpTypeInt 32 1
%void_func = OpTypeFunction %void
%int_0 = OpConstant %int 0
%testfun = OpFunction %void None %void_func
%label_1 = OpLabel
OpBranch %start
%start = OpLabel
%cond = OpSLessThan %bool %int_0 %int_0
;
; Note: In this case, the "target" block is both the entry block of
; the continue construct of the loop as well as the entry block of
; the selection construct.
;
OpLoopMerge %loop_merge %target None
OpBranchConditional %cond %target %loop_merge
%loop_merge = OpLabel
OpReturn
%target = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %selection_merge None
OpBranchConditional %cond %do_stuff %do_other_stuff
%do_other_stuff = OpLabel
OpBranch %selection_merge
%selection_merge = OpLabel
OpBranch %start
%do_stuff = OpLabel
OpBranch %selection_merge
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(spirv);
EXPECT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, OpReturnInNonVoidFunc) {
std::string spirv = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%int = OpTypeInt 32 1
%int_func = OpTypeFunction %int
%testfun = OpFunction %int None %int_func
%label_1 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(spirv);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr(
"OpReturn can only be called from a function with void return type.\n"
" OpReturn"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, StructuredCFGBranchIntoSelectionBody) {
std::string spirv = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
OpEntryPoint Fragment %func "func"
OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft
%void = OpTypeVoid
%bool = OpTypeBool
%true = OpConstantTrue %bool
%functy = OpTypeFunction %void
%func = OpFunction %void None %functy
%entry = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %merge None
OpBranchConditional %true %then %merge
%merge = OpLabel
OpBranch %then
%then = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(spirv);
EXPECT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("branches to the selection construct, but not to the "
"selection header <ID> 6\n %7 = OpLabel"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, SwitchDefaultOnly) {
std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%1 = OpTypeVoid
%2 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%3 = OpConstant %2 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %1
%5 = OpFunction %1 None %4
%6 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %7 None
OpSwitch %3 %7
%7 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, SwitchSingleCase) {
std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%1 = OpTypeVoid
%2 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%3 = OpConstant %2 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %1
%5 = OpFunction %1 None %4
%6 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %7 None
OpSwitch %3 %7 0 %8
%8 = OpLabel
OpBranch %7
%7 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, MultipleFallThroughBlocks) {
std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%1 = OpTypeVoid
%2 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%3 = OpConstant %2 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %1
%5 = OpTypeBool
%6 = OpConstantTrue %5
%7 = OpFunction %1 None %4
%8 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %9 None
OpSwitch %3 %10 0 %11 1 %12
%10 = OpLabel
OpBranchConditional %6 %11 %12
%11 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%12 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%9 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr(
"Case construct that targets 10[%10] has branches to multiple other "
"case construct targets 12[%12] and 11[%11]\n %10 = OpLabel"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, MultipleFallThroughToDefault) {
std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%1 = OpTypeVoid
%2 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%3 = OpConstant %2 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %1
%5 = OpTypeBool
%6 = OpConstantTrue %5
%7 = OpFunction %1 None %4
%8 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %9 None
OpSwitch %3 %10 0 %11 1 %12
%10 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%11 = OpLabel
OpBranch %10
%12 = OpLabel
OpBranch %10
%9 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("Multiple case constructs have branches to the case construct "
"that targets 10[%10]\n %10 = OpLabel"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, MultipleFallThroughToNonDefault) {
std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%1 = OpTypeVoid
%2 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%3 = OpConstant %2 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %1
%5 = OpTypeBool
%6 = OpConstantTrue %5
%7 = OpFunction %1 None %4
%8 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %9 None
OpSwitch %3 %10 0 %11 1 %12
%10 = OpLabel
OpBranch %12
%11 = OpLabel
OpBranch %12
%12 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%9 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("Multiple case constructs have branches to the case construct "
"that targets 12[%12]\n %12 = OpLabel"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, DuplicateTargetWithFallThrough) {
std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%1 = OpTypeVoid
%2 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%3 = OpConstant %2 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %1
%5 = OpTypeBool
%6 = OpConstantTrue %5
%7 = OpFunction %1 None %4
%8 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %9 None
OpSwitch %3 %10 0 %10 1 %11
%10 = OpLabel
OpBranch %11
%11 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%9 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WrongOperandList) {
std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%1 = OpTypeVoid
%2 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%3 = OpConstant %2 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %1
%5 = OpTypeBool
%6 = OpConstantTrue %5
%7 = OpFunction %1 None %4
%8 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %9 None
OpSwitch %3 %10 0 %11 1 %12
%10 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%12 = OpLabel
OpBranch %11
%11 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%9 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("Case construct that targets 12[%12] has branches to the case "
"construct that targets 11[%11], but does not immediately "
"precede it in the OpSwitch's target list\n"
" OpSwitch %uint_0 %10 0 %11 1 %12"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WrongOperandListThroughDefault) {
std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%1 = OpTypeVoid
%2 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%3 = OpConstant %2 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %1
%5 = OpTypeBool
%6 = OpConstantTrue %5
%7 = OpFunction %1 None %4
%8 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %9 None
OpSwitch %3 %10 0 %11 1 %12
%10 = OpLabel
OpBranch %11
%12 = OpLabel
OpBranch %10
%11 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%9 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("Case construct that targets 12[%12] has branches to the case "
"construct that targets 11[%11], but does not immediately "
"precede it in the OpSwitch's target list\n"
" OpSwitch %uint_0 %10 0 %11 1 %12"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, WrongOperandListNotLast) {
std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpCapability Linkage
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
%1 = OpTypeVoid
%2 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%3 = OpConstant %2 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %1
%5 = OpTypeBool
%6 = OpConstantTrue %5
%7 = OpFunction %1 None %4
%8 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %9 None
OpSwitch %3 %10 0 %11 1 %12 2 %13
%10 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%12 = OpLabel
OpBranch %11
%11 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%13 = OpLabel
OpBranch %9
%9 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(
getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("Case construct that targets 12[%12] has branches to the case "
"construct that targets 11[%11], but does not immediately "
"precede it in the OpSwitch's target list\n"
" OpSwitch %uint_0 %10 0 %11 1 %12 2 %13"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, GoodUnreachableSwitch) {
const std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
OpEntryPoint Fragment %2 "main"
OpExecutionMode %2 OriginUpperLeft
%3 = OpTypeVoid
%4 = OpTypeFunction %3
%5 = OpTypeBool
%6 = OpConstantTrue %5
%7 = OpTypeInt 32 1
%9 = OpConstant %7 0
%2 = OpFunction %3 None %4
%10 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %11 None
OpBranchConditional %6 %12 %13
%12 = OpLabel
OpReturn
%13 = OpLabel
OpReturn
%11 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %14 None
OpSwitch %9 %14 0 %15
%15 = OpLabel
OpBranch %14
%14 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
EXPECT_THAT(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, InvalidCaseExit) {
const std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
OpEntryPoint Fragment %1 "func"
OpExecutionMode %1 OriginUpperLeft
%2 = OpTypeVoid
%3 = OpTypeInt 32 0
%4 = OpTypeFunction %2
%5 = OpConstant %3 0
%1 = OpFunction %2 None %4
%6 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %7 None
OpSwitch %5 %7 0 %8 1 %9
%8 = OpLabel
OpBranch %10
%9 = OpLabel
OpBranch %10
%10 = OpLabel
OpReturn
%7 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_ERROR_INVALID_CFG, ValidateInstructions());
EXPECT_THAT(getDiagnosticString(),
HasSubstr("Case construct that targets 8[%8] has invalid branch "
"to block 10[%10] (not another case construct, "
"corresponding merge, outer loop merge or outer loop "
"continue)"));
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, GoodCaseExitsToOuterConstructs) {
const std::string text = R"(
OpCapability Shader
OpMemoryModel Logical GLSL450
OpEntryPoint Fragment %func "func"
OpExecutionMode %func OriginUpperLeft
%void = OpTypeVoid
%bool = OpTypeBool
%true = OpConstantTrue %bool
%int = OpTypeInt 32 0
%int0 = OpConstant %int 0
%func_ty = OpTypeFunction %void
%func = OpFunction %void None %func_ty
%1 = OpLabel
OpBranch %2
%2 = OpLabel
OpLoopMerge %7 %6 None
OpBranch %3
%3 = OpLabel
OpSelectionMerge %5 None
OpSwitch %int0 %5 0 %4
%4 = OpLabel
OpBranchConditional %true %6 %7
%5 = OpLabel
OpBranchConditional %true %6 %7
%6 = OpLabel
OpBranch %2
%7 = OpLabel
OpReturn
OpFunctionEnd
)";
CompileSuccessfully(text);
ASSERT_EQ(SPV_SUCCESS, ValidateInstructions());
}
TEST_F(ValidateCFG, SwitchCaseOrderingBad1)