title: ‘Applying patches’ linkTitle: ‘Applying patches’
If you are a Skia committer and have been asked to commit an externally-submitted patch, this is how to do it. (This technique is useful in other situations too, like if you just want to try out somebody else's patch locally.)
- For the examples below, we will assume that this is the change you want to patch into your local checkout: https://codereview.appspot.com/6201055/
- These instructions should work on Mac or Linux; Windows is trickier, because there is no standard Windows “patch” tool.
See also [Contributing Code for The Chromium Projects] (http://dev.chromium.org/developers/contributing-code#TOC-Instructions-for-Reviewer:-Checking-in-the-patch-for-a-non-committer).
If you use
git cl, then you should be able to use the shortcut:
git cl patch 6201055
If you use
gcl, or the above doesn't work, the following should always work.
Prepare your local workspace to accept the patch.
- cd into the root directory (usually
trunk/) of the workspace where you want to apply the patch.
- Make sure that the workspace is up-to-date and clean (or “updated and clean enough” for your purposes). If the codereview patch was against an old revision of the repo, you may need to sync your local workspace to that same revision.
Download the raw patch set.
- Open the codereview web page and look for the “Download raw patch set” link near the upper right-hand corner. Right-click on that link and copy it to the clipboard. (In my case, the link is https://codereview.appspot.com/download/issue6201055_1.diff )
- If you are on Linux or Mac and have “curl” or “wget” installed, you can download the patch from the command line:
- Otherwise, figure out some other way to download this file and save it as
Apply this patch to your local checkout.
- You should still be in the root directory of the workspace where you want to apply the patch.
patch -p1 <patch.txt
- Then you can run
diff and visually check the local changes.
Complications: If the patch fails to apply, the following may be happening:
- Wrong revision. Maybe your local workspace is not up to date? Or maybe the patch was made against an old revision of the repository, and cannot be applied to the latest revision? (In that case, revert any changes and sync your workspace to an older revision, then re-apply the patch.)