blob: 1e7d3e4b81e59515c7323509f672d557dc905afc [file] [log] [blame]
# Copyright (c) 2009-2012 IBM Corp. and Others. All Rights Reserved
# ICU Provider Feature. - $Id$
* Note, as of ICU49 this is a technology preview.
1a. Download the ICU source (.tgz) you wish to TARGET (i.e. link your
application against). This must be the ICU49 branch at
this writing.
1b. Download one or more ICUs (.tgz) you wish to have AVAILABLE (via
the provider interface). As of this writing, 49,, 4.6.x, 4.4.x,, 3.8.1, 3.6, 3.4.1, and 3.2.1 have been tested.
Note that the MAJOR+MINOR version numbers must not conflict between the TARGET and AVAILABLE ICUs. Only one ICU of each major+minor is allowed.
So, only one 4.4.X, one 3.8.X, etc. This is due to ICU binary compatibility rules.
1c. Copy the ICUs (named as they were downloaded) into the ../../packages/ directory relative to this readme.
2a. Copy the file "Makefile.local-sample" into a new file "Makefile.local".
2b. Edit the Makefile.local to modify the PROVIDER_TARGET and
Note that if you have a special installation of the current ICU
(ICU 49) that you want to be the target, you can set PLUGLIB_INST
to the installed ICU path. You must still set PROVIDER_TARGET.
3. Check the makefile settings by running 'make info', you should see output similar to the following:
ICU Provider Build
Targetting Provider against ICU 49 (49, major 49)
Available plugins: 3.8.1 (3_8_1 4_2_0_1)
Available keywords:
Plugin library will be
Available ICU tarballs: icu4c-3_8_1-src.tgz icu4c-4_2_0_1-src.tgz icu4c-4_4_2-src.tgz
Available ICU versions: 3.8.1 4.4.2
The last two lines show which ICU .tgz files are available. If a version is not listed, make sure the filename is as above.
4. Now, you are ready to build and test.
(Note: you can set the variables CC, CXX, CXXFLAGS, and CFLAGS to set
the compiler options. )
make check
This will take quite a while as it has to build N copies of ICU.
When done, it should show a list of collation keys, and indicate that there were differences between ICU 3.8, 4.4, 4.2. You may need to modify coldiff.cpp if you are using a different set of ICU versions.
5. You can test in an 'installed' ICU (not the system install) with this command:
make install-check
6. To install the plugin in your own ICU, copy out/icuplugins44.txt into your lib/icu, and out/lib/ into your lib/ directories where ICU is installed.
Note that running 'icuinfo' will tell you where the plugin file is expected to be located, and 'icuinfo -L' will debug any load issues.
Collators opened with an id such as that shown in 'make info', such as 'en_US@provider=icu38' will load, for example, an ICU 3.8 collator.
Date Formats opened (udat_open) will also load a different date
format, but only through 'udat_open'.
For discussion: assume TARGET 50.0.2 and PROVIDER 4.0.1
The "front end" for each module (date, collator, ..) is built once for the target version, and the "back end" glue is built once for each provider version. (TODO: fix wording here.)
The oicu.h header, combined with the generated gluren.h, provides a "renamed" symbol such as (literally) OICU_ucol_strcoll which is #defined to some specific version, such as ucol_strcoll_4_0. So, you can call the OICU_ version meaning "Old ICU". Thus, you have the ICU 4.0 function defined as an extern, by its explicit name, within the ICU 50 space.
The icuglue/glver.h header file contains multiple calls to, for example, GLUE_VER(4_0_1) GLUE_VER(49_1_2) ...
A module can redefine GLUE_VER in order to do some "each-version" process. Thus, glver.h can be #included multiple times..
Generally, a locale such as en_US@sp=icu40 will refer to an ICU 4.0 provider.
There are lots of version-specific #ifdefs used to deal with the vagaries of a decade of ICU changes.
For each back end, there's an icu_50::Collator class named, say, glueCollator4_0_1 which is implemented in the TARGET space. However, each function of this class, such as "compare", is implemented by calling, for example, OICU_ucol_strcoll. As noted above, this is directly calling ucol_strcoll_4_0. This is where the cross-version calls happen. Such glue code must be very careful not to, for example, call ucol_open_4_0 and pass the result to ucol_close_50 !
The FE builds a CollatorFactory subclass, VersionCollatorFactory. It registers a collator for every localeid it can support. This is done by calling each glueCollator* subclass's static ::countAvailable and appendAvailable functions directly.
The plugin simply registers and unregisters the VCF. Such collators are available to both C++ and C API, including the shortstring interface, using the _PICU## short string tag.
Date formatters work in a similar fashion to collators. DateFormat subclasses are registered which are implemented in terms of OICU_udat_* functions. A "DateFormatOpener" (factory equivalent) is registered to allow udat_open to process correctly. C++ date format registration is not addressed as of this writing.