Bazel Emscripten toolchain

Setup Instructions

In WORKSPACE file, put:

load("@bazel_tools//tools/build_defs/repo:http.bzl", "http_archive")
    name = "emsdk",
    sha256 = "d55e3c73fc4f8d1fecb7aabe548de86bdb55080fe6b12ce593d63b8bade54567",
    strip_prefix = "emsdk-3891e7b04bf8cbb3bc62758e9c575ae096a9a518/bazel",
    url = "",

load("@emsdk//:deps.bzl", emsdk_deps = "deps")

load("@emsdk//:emscripten_deps.bzl", emsdk_emscripten_deps = "emscripten_deps")
emsdk_emscripten_deps(emscripten_version = "2.0.31")

load("@emsdk//:toolchains.bzl", "register_emscripten_toolchains")

The SHA1 hash in the above strip_prefix and url parameters correspond to the git revision of emsdk 2.0.31. To get access to newer versions, you'll need to update those. To make use of older versions, change the parameter of emsdk_emscripten_deps(). Supported versions are listed in revisions.bzl


Put the following line into your .bazelrc:

build --incompatible_enable_cc_toolchain_resolution

Then write a new rule wrapping your cc_binary.

load("@rules_cc//cc:defs.bzl", "cc_binary")
load("@emsdk//emscripten_toolchain:wasm_rules.bzl", "wasm_cc_binary")

    name = "hello-world",
    srcs = [""],

    name = "hello-world-wasm",
    cc_target = ":hello-world",

Now you can run bazel build :hello-world-wasm. The result of this build will be the individual files produced by emscripten. Note that some of these files may be empty. This is because bazel has no concept of optional outputs for rules.

wasm_cc_binary uses transition to use emscripten toolchain on cc_target and all of its dependencies, and does not require amending .bazelrc. This is the preferred way, since it also unpacks the resulting tarball.

See test_external/ for an example using embind.