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// Copyright 2018 The Abseil Authors.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
// This library provides APIs to debug the probing behavior of hash tables.
// In general, the probing behavior is a black box for users and only the
// side effects can be measured in the form of performance differences.
// These APIs give a glimpse on the actual behavior of the probing algorithms in
// these hashtables given a specified hash function and a set of elements.
// The probe count distribution can be used to assess the quality of the hash
// function for that particular hash table. Note that a hash function that
// performs well in one hash table implementation does not necessarily performs
// well in a different one.
// This library supports std::unordered_{set,map}, dense_hash_{set,map} and
// absl::{flat,node,string}_hash_{set,map}.
#include <cstddef>
#include <algorithm>
#include <type_traits>
#include <vector>
#include "absl/container/internal/hashtable_debug_hooks.h"
namespace absl {
namespace container_internal {
// Returns the number of probes required to lookup `key`. Returns 0 for a
// search with no collisions. Higher values mean more hash collisions occurred;
// however, the exact meaning of this number varies according to the container
// type.
template <typename C>
size_t GetHashtableDebugNumProbes(
const C& c, const typename C::key_type& key) {
return absl::container_internal::hashtable_debug_internal::
HashtableDebugAccess<C>::GetNumProbes(c, key);
// Gets a histogram of the number of probes for each elements in the container.
// The sum of all the values in the vector is equal to container.size().
template <typename C>
std::vector<size_t> GetHashtableDebugNumProbesHistogram(const C& container) {
std::vector<size_t> v;
for (auto it = container.begin(); it != container.end(); ++it) {
size_t num_probes = GetHashtableDebugNumProbes(
absl::container_internal::hashtable_debug_internal::GetKey<C>(*it, 0));
v.resize((std::max)(v.size(), num_probes + 1));
return v;
struct HashtableDebugProbeSummary {
size_t total_elements;
size_t total_num_probes;
double mean;
// Gets a summary of the probe count distribution for the elements in the
// container.
template <typename C>
HashtableDebugProbeSummary GetHashtableDebugProbeSummary(const C& container) {
auto probes = GetHashtableDebugNumProbesHistogram(container);
HashtableDebugProbeSummary summary = {};
for (size_t i = 0; i < probes.size(); ++i) {
summary.total_elements += probes[i];
summary.total_num_probes += probes[i] * i;
summary.mean = 1.0 * summary.total_num_probes / summary.total_elements;
return summary;
// Returns the number of bytes requested from the allocator by the container
// and not freed.
template <typename C>
size_t AllocatedByteSize(const C& c) {
return absl::container_internal::hashtable_debug_internal::
// Returns a tight lower bound for AllocatedByteSize(c) where `c` is of type `C`
// and `c.size()` is equal to `num_elements`.
template <typename C>
size_t LowerBoundAllocatedByteSize(size_t num_elements) {
return absl::container_internal::hashtable_debug_internal::
} // namespace container_internal
} // namespace absl